Summary Statement

A manual that helps a trainer provide information on a variety of roadway hazards, such as electrical, falls, slips and trips and ergonomics. Part of a collection. Click on the 'collection' button to access the other items.
2002

This document is one in a program produced under an OSHA grant by a consortium of the Laborers' Health and Safety Fund N.A, the International Union of Operating Engineers, the American Road and Transportation Builders Assn, and the National Asphalt Pavement Assn. All of the documents from this set that are on eLCOSH can be found by clicking on Job Site, Heavy construction, and scrolling to the Street & highway heading. Or to download a complete version of the computerized program, go to http://wzsafety.tamu.edu.

Who Can Deliver This Training Module?

The Roadway Safety Awareness Program is designed for use by supervisory personnel with some safety and health experience or by safety and health personnel to orient new workers as they arrive on the jobsite.

How Should an Instructor Deliver This Module?

As an instructor, you must do more than present knowledge. You must impact the trainee's attitude, belief, and behavior. Research shows that questioning interaction is the best method for influencing a trainee's attitudes and beliefs. Trainees must be able to voice their objections to new ideas and to contribute their own solutions to problems.

That is why the Roadway Safety Awareness Program is designed using the QUESTIONING METHOD. This manual presents a script which can be presented by any qualified instructor. The course content appears in the main column. The second column contains suggested questions and other relevant information designed to spark the interaction you need for effective classroom instruction.

Effective questioning helps you determine whether your trainees understand the information. It allows trainees to share their knowledge. Frank interaction helps trainees overcome their misunderstandings of the material. It helps instructors overcome resistance trainees may have to new information. Finally, frequent questioning prevents instructors from covering too much information too fast. Extensive use of questions is more time-consuming and requires a disciplined command of the topic. But it is the most effective method of classroom instruction.

What Does an Instructor Need to Deliver This Module?

1. A computer with CD drive, a projector, and the Roadway Safety CD, or
2. An overhead transparency projector and the Roadway Safety color overhead transparencies, or
3. The Roadway Safety color flipbook, and
4. Roadway Safety Trainee Booklets for all trainees.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Module 1: Runovers/Backovers
    Can We Be Safe Near Equipment and Traffic?
    What Other Precautions Do We Need?
    What About Construction Equipment?
    Do Safety Programs Help?
Module 2: Operator Safety
    How Can Operators Stay Safe?
    What Are Other Safety Measures?
    How Can We Be Safe in the Work Zone?
    How Can We Protect Other Workers?
Module 3: Struck or Crushed
    How Can Road Workers Be Struck?
Module 4: Flagger Safety
    What Is the Main Hazard of Flagging?
    How Can We Protect Ourselves?
    What Should Flaggers Avoid?
Module 5: Night Work
    What Are the Special Challenges?
    How Can We Protect Ourselves at Night?
    How Can Our Health Habits Help?
Module 6: Excavation
    Why Are Trenches Dangerous?
    How Can We Prevent Cave-Ins?
    What Else Does Excavation Require?
Module 7: Electrical Hazards
    What Are the Dangers of Electricity?
    How Do We Treat Above-Ground Utilities?
    What If Contact Happens?
    Can We Be Safe Around Buried Utilities?
Module 8: Sprains and Strains
    What Injuries Are Most Common?
    What Causes These Injuries?
    How Can We Avoid Sprains and Strains?
    What Can You Do to Prevent Injuries?
Module 9: Fall Hazards
    What Causes Falls in Road Work?
    How Do We Prevent Falls on the Same Level?
    How Do We Avoid Falls From Elevations?
Module 10: Noise Hazards
    Is Too Much Noise a Serious Problem?
    Could Road Work Be Less Noisy?
    How Do We Protect Our Hearing Now?
Module 11: Health Hazards
    How Do Health Hazards Harm Us?
    How Harmful Is Silica?
    How Harmful Is Asphalt?
    How Harmful Is Lead?
    Are There Other Health Hazards?
Module 12: Working Outdoors
    What Is Our Risk from Sun Exposure?
    What Are the Hazards of Hot Weather?
    What Are the Hazards of Cold Weather?
    How Are Plants and Animals Hazardous?
Module 13: Emergencies
    What Emergencies Are Most Common?
    What Should We Do in an Emergency?
    How Do We Prepare for an Emergency?
Case Studies