Training on potential harmful effects of lead, symptoms, typical jobs with lead exposure, precautions and regulations - includes discussion questions and a sign-off form. Part of a collection. Click on the 'collection' button to access the other items.
|These tailgate/toolbox talks were developed for use under California OSHA regulations. The complete set is available from the Labor Occupational Health Program at UC Berkeley. For ordering information, visit the website (www.lohp.org) The American Conference of Government Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) has adapted these talks to apply to federal OSHA regulations. To contact ACGIH, visit its web site (www.acgih.org).|
Before you begin
- Does this
topic relate to the work the crew is doing? If not, choose another topic.
- Has the crew completed basic Hazard Communications training? It will help them understand this topic.
- Did you read this Training Guide and fill in the blanks where the appears? (To find the information you need, look over the Safety Walkaround Checklist for this topic.)
meeting is about preventing exposure to lead on the job. You might think
that the only people who have to worry are those who do lead removal work.
That’s just not true. There can be a problem on any job if
you scrape, grind, cut, or disturb surfaces that contain lead. Lead is
common in old surface coatings. And even today, many bridges and industrial
buildings are still painted with lead-based paint.
The law says you need special training to work with any significant amount of lead. You need to learn about respirators, protective clothing, special work methods, and other safety precautions. We can’t give you all this information in a few minutes. What we can do today is make sure everyone is aware of the dangers of lead.
You or a crew member may want to add a personal story about lead.
Next, discuss with the crew where there may be a danger of lead exposure at this particular job site. Explain what testing has been done, and where the levels may be high.
ASK THE CREW THESE QUESTIONS:
After each question,
give the crew time to suggest possible answers. Use the information
following each question to add points that no one mentions.
1. What are some symptoms you might notice if you are exposed to lead?
• trouble sleeping
• reduced sex drive
mood changes (irritability, depression)
• loss of appetite
• stomach pain
• pain, weakness, or twitching in muscles
2. If you don’t pay attention to these symptoms and reduce your lead exposure, you can get seriously ill from lead poisoning. Does anyone know what diseases can be caused by high, long-term exposure to lead?
3. What are some
jobs on a construction site that might expose you to lead?
- Renovating or
demolishing structures that have lead-painted surfaces.
- Spray painting
with lead-based paint, or removing lead-based paint.
bridges or steel structures that are painted with lead.
- Grinding, cutting,
or torching metal surfaces that are painted with lead.
- Welding, cutting,
or removing pipes, joints, or duct work that contain lead or are painted
- Using solder
that contains lead.
- Cutting or stripping
- Heating some
roofing products, or dissolving them with solvents. (Fumes from hypalon
coatings, cover strips, flashing, splice tape, and seam tape can contain
- Cleaning up sites where there is lead dust.
- If you’re
working with old coatings, pipes, or similar materials that might
contain lead, send a sample to a lab to be analyzed.
- If necessary,
the company can bring in a qualified professional to measure the lead
dust level in the air with instruments. This is called air monitoring.
- When in doubt
if there is lead, ask!
- If you’re working with a new product (like paint), read its Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). The MSDS should tell you the ingredients and possible health hazards.
5. If there’s
lead around, what precautions can you take to avoid getting exposed?
- Use safe work
practices. For example, work in a well-ventilated area. To reduce
dust, vacuum up debris, don’t sweep it up. Use a HEPA filter
on equipment like
sanders and vacuums. Wet down paints and coatings you’re removing
to keep dust out
of the air. Isolate any work areas that contain lead, and post warning
eat, drink, or smoke on the job. Anything you put in your mouth
contaminated with lead.
- If necessary, use personal protective equipment (PPE) like gloves, special clothing, and a respirator. If you use a respirator, we must provide the right type, make sure it fits properly, teach you how to use it, and give you a physical to make sure you’re able to wear it safely.
Explain all protective measures required on this job-work practices, PPE, etc.:
If you’ve been working around lead, why is it important to change
and wash up before you go home?
- You might accidentally take lead dust home on your clothes or in your car. At home, it could contaminate your furniture and rugs. It’s especially dangerous to small kids, who like to put things into their mouths.
Explain cleanup procedures on this site— how and where to clean up, what to do with contaminated clothing, etc.:
7. Cal/OSHA says
anyone who is exposed to a large amount of lead, even for a day,
must get a blood test. Why are blood lead tests required?
- They tell you
how much lead is circulating in your blood. If your blood lead level
is too high, Cal/OSHA says you must be given a work assignment away
from lead, with no loss of pay.
- The tests don’t
tell you how much lead is stored in your bones. Lead can be stored in
the bones for long periods and released into the bloodstream later.
- You should get
a “baseline” blood test before you begin to work around lead,
so later you can make sure your blood lead level is not going up.
- Cal/OSHA says that all required blood lead tests must be paid for by your employer.
Explain: Most of the safety measures we’ve talked about are required by Cal/OSHA. We have to take these precautions—it’s the law. For example, Cal/OSHA requires us to have a written lead compliance program. Copies are available for you to see. Cal/OSHA also says we must make sure no one on the site is exposed to more than 50 micrograms of lead per cubic meter of air, averaged over an 8-hour shift. This is called the permissible exposure limit (PEL) for lead. I have a Checklist of the Cal/OSHA regulations on lead. If you’d like to know more, see me after the meeting.
(Only if applicable.) Besides the Cal/OSHA regulations, we have some additional company rules about working with lead.
Discuss company rules:______________________________
Ask: Do you have any other concerns about lead? Do you see any problems on our job? (Let the steward answer first, if there is one.)
What about other jobs you’ve worked on? Have you had any experience with lead exposure that might help us work safer on this job?
GENERAL SAFETY DISCUSSION
This is a time to discuss all safety concerns, not just today's topic. Keep your notes on this page before, during and after the safety meeting.
Are you aware of any hazards from other crews? Point out any hazards other crews are creating that this crew should know about. Tell the crew what you intend to do about those hazards.
Do we have any old business? Discuss past issues/problems. Report progress of investigations and action taken.
Any new business? Any accidents/near misses/complaints? Discuss accidents, near misses, and complaints that have happened since the last safety meting. Also recognize the safety contributions made by members of the crew.
Please remember, we want to hear from you about any health and safety issues that come up. If we don't know about problems, we can't take action to fix them.
To complete the training session:
- Circulate Sign-Off
- Assign one
or more crew member(s) to help with next safety meeting.
- Refer action items for follow-up. (Use the sample Hazard Report Form in the Reference Section of this binder, or your company’s own form.)
Sign Off Form
NAMES OF THOSE WHO ATTENDED THIS SAFETY MEETING